Luis De Garrido Bioclimatic Architecture
One of the major contributions of Luis De Garrido to architecture has been the establishment of an advanced design methodology that allows achieving an advanced architecture capable of thermally self-regulating, and naturally lit, to ensure the welfare of its occupants without technological devices. Thus the buildings projected by Luis have the least energy consumption possible, and hence a very low economic cost, both in its construction and in its use.
The advanced bioclimatic design methodology used by Luis De Garrido is based on three distinct stages:
- Collection of weather data (along with other necessary information)
- Establishment of the most appropriate bioclimatic fuzzy proto-solution
- Using the most appropriate architectural bioclimatic strategies
Identifying fuzzy proto-solutions involves the initial, and most important, stage of bioclimatic design because of their suitability will depend the architectural quality of the resulting building, as well as the effectiveness of its bioclimatic behavior. In general, fuzzy proto-solutions represent initial tentative ideas, based on the collected information and the comfort diagrams of a certain place, and thus leading to the identification of the most appropriate architectural typology and the most suitable basic architectural parameters of the future building. The goodness of these initial fuzzy proto-solutions depends solely on the experience of architects, especially in the design of thermally self-regulating buildings
Later, at the stage of debugging of the idea and engagement of different architectural elements, Luis De Garrido uses up to 50 bioclimatic architectural strategies, identified by himself, in order that his buildings can be heated or cooled by themselves, without technological devices.
These bioclimatic architectural strategies are nothing more than clusters of certain common architectural elements (walls, windows, glass, overhangs, holes, double walls, floors, tunnels, etc.) that form partial architectural structures capable to keep the building warm or cold.
In general Luis has proposed 4 different types of bioclimatic architectural strategies:
- Basic architectural strategies to generate heat
- Basic architectural strategies to generate cool
- Basic architectural strategies for accumulating heat or cool
- Basic architectural strategies to transfer heat or cool
As a result, Luis De Garrido is able to design buildings able to be heated or cooled by themselves to ensure the welfare of its occupants, just because of its special design and without using technological devices.